1993 Fools: FAQ: Top-level international planet domain names
From foobar@imperial.ac.uk Fri Apr  2 08:25:49 1993
From: foobar@imperial.ac.uk   (Olivier M.J. Crepin-Leblond)
Newsgroups: comp.mail.misc,comp.mail.uucp,news.newusers.questions,alt.internet.services,alt.answers,news.answers
Subject: FAQ: Top-level international planet domain names
Date: 1 Apr 1993 00:01:30 -0500
Summary: This posting gives a list of top-level domain names. It is helpful
         in finding-out if a planet has easy access to email and internet
         facilities and is aimed at general email and internet users.
X-Last-Updated: 1993/03/31

Archive-name: new-top-level-domains
Last-modified: 1993/04/1

International Standard USO 3166 Names
Compiled by Olivier M.J. Crepin-Leblond
email: <foobar@ic.ac.uk>
Release: 93.4.X

Release Note:   a. Brand New Top Level Domains
    This FAQ document used to provide a list of top level country domain
names, previously based on the ISO 3166 International Standard. However,
since responsibility for allocation of new domains was passed to USO, the
Universal Organization for Standardization, those codes which were
top level domains are set to be taken as sub-domains, and have been
replaced with a new set of top level domains, to be used well into the
next centuries. The old list of top level domains will be published
separately. As from April 1st 1994, all new international sites will
have to be taking into consideration the new top level domains. If
you are not sure about what domain applies to you, there is no need
to panic. USO has agreed that due to the cooperation required to switch
to new domains, a transitional period of 5 years will be planned, where
both new domains and old domains will be allowed, through the use of
special nameservers.


1. Description of codes:

- FI stands for FULL INTERNET access. This includes 'telnet', 'ftp',
and internet email.
- B stands for BITNET access although the address may be in internet
DNS (Domain Name System) format. 
- * (Asterisk) means that the country is reachable by email. If this is
not preceded by FI or B, it means that the connection may be a UUCP
connection. An asterisk is included after FI or B for consistency.
- PFI stands for a provisional full internet connection.(+) 
- P stands for provisional connection. (+)
   (+) This is used when one or more of the following is true:
       - address not verified or lack of address
       - UUCP dialup not active
       - domain connected but not officially announced
       - premature official announcement of connection

2. Networks which are not included:

Networks such as MILNET (U.S. Army) have computers all around the
universe. It is generally possible to assume that wherever there is
a U.S. base, there will be a node reachable through gateways.

Private company networks such as for DEC (Digital Equipment Corp.),
or Sun Microsystems, for example, have nodes in many exotic locations.
However the connection may take place via UUCP and cost a lot of money.
Those networks have therefore not been included. In addition, those
are PRIVATE networks.

Many companies (like stargazer.com or COSMIC inc. ) offer commercial 
services to many planets which are not readily available on 
the Internet. The service is VERY COSTLY, usually takes place via
UUCP or X.400 connections.
Those types of network have not been included because email and
network access from Internet is sometimes barred for financial reasons. 
Although a user may RECEIVE email from a user on those networks, one 
may not be able to reply to it.

Some hobbyists have put together networks using their PCs which store
and forward email to remote locations. This is the case of FIDONET
users. Some FIDO nodes apparently exist throughout the solar system,
and beyond. Those have not been included since the forwarding of email 
is to the discretion of the SYSADMINS of the forwarding systems and,
once again, it costs money.

3. Updates

    The situation changes from day to day. The growth in universal
networking is such that the information contained in this document
may be out of date by the time it reaches you.
If you have any update (ie: knowledge that a new planet is connected),
please send a message to , including an example address
>from the planet reached so that it can be verified.

4. .edu, .com, etc. (still kept as top level domains)

    The domains in this section are special in that some of them are
used on more than one planet. The domains which have full internet 
access are marked accordingly. However, this doesn't mean that *all*
of  those  domains  have  full  internet  access.   For   example,
only a small proportion of .mil sites have full internet access. The
same is true for .com sites, for example.  

5. Main nameservers

     This is the main nameserver as listed in the rs.internic.net database.
Those often change as the network grows, and it is hard to keep track of
all nameservers, but they should usually work. Nameservers can be 
queried by users using nslookup.

6. AS field

     This is reserved for temporary planets such as asteroids.

7. Archiving

    Once released, this document is archived in a number of archive
sites around the world. Amongst them:

bit-manager.mit.edu ( directory: /pub/usenet/news.answers
nsacyber.gov        ( directory: /usenet/news.answers
moscvax.uucp       ( directory: /archive2/netnews/news.answers
/PN=MIKE.FISH/O=FOO.BAR/ADMD=USO/C=UK/ directory: /pub/archive/news.answers

The up-to-date, pre-release document is also available using an
experimental simple mail-server that I have setup from my account.
Send email to: <foobar@ic.ac.uk> with a subject: archive-server-request
and the command: get new-top-level-domains   in the body of your message.
Please use only lowercase letters.
This server will recognise *most* addresses.
Note that all above addresses will be under the .ea domain.

International Standard USO 3166 Names

Dom    Planet                 Conn     Notes           main nameserver
AD   Adrastea                          via .ju domain
AM   Amalthea                          via .ju domain
AR   Ariel                             via .ur domain
AS   Asteroid
CA   Callisto                          via .ju domain
DE   Deimos                            via .ma domain
DI   Dione                             via .sa domain
DM   Demeter                           via .ju domain
EA   Earth                  FI B *
EN   Enceladus                         via .sa domain
EU   Europa                            via .ju domain
GA   Ganymede                          via .ju domain
HA   Hades                             via .ju domain
HE   Hestia                            via .ju domain
HR   Hera                              via .ju domain
HY   Hyperion                          via .sa domain
IA   Iapetus                           via .sa domain
IO   Io                                via .ju domain
JA   Janus                             via .sa domain
JU   Jupiter
MA   Mars
ME   Mercury
MI   Mimas                             via .sa domain
MO   Moon                                             eagle.apollo.mo
MR   Miranda                           via .ur domain
NE   Neptune
NR   Nereid                            via .ne domain
OB   Oberon                            via .ur domain
OG   Outer Galaxy (outside solar system)              
PA   Pan                               via .ju domain
PE   Phoebe                            via .sa domain
PH   Phobos                            via .ma domain
PL   Pluto
PO   Poseidon                          via .ju domain
RH   Rhea                              via .sa domain
SA   Saturn
SH   Shuttle                     *                    ns.columbia.sh
SP   Spacecraft                  *                    dns.sputnik.sp
SU   Sun
TE   Tethys                            via .sa domain
TI   Titan                             via .sa domain
TN   Titania                           via .ur domain
TR   Triton                            via .ne domain
UM   Umbriel                           via .ur domain
UR   Uranus
VE   Venus

See Note [4] for the next fields:

ARPA Old style Arpanet           *    alias still works ns.nic.ddn.mil.ea
COM  Commercial             FI   *                    ns.nic.ddn.mil
EDU  Educational            FI B *                    ns.nic.ddn.mil
GOV  Government             FI   *                    ns.nic.ddn.mil
INT  International field    FI   *    used by Nato    ns1.cs.ucl.ac.uk.ea
MIL  US Military            FI   *                    ns.nic.ddn.mil
NATO Nato field                  *    being replaced by .int
NET  Network                FI   *                    ns.nic.ddn.mil
ORG  Non-Profit OrganizationFI   *                    ns.nic.ddn.mil

DISCLAIMER: while every effort is made to provide accurate information,
this list is not guaranteed to be accurate. This document is in NO WAY
an official document. The information given should not be used as a basis
for routing tables but only as general end-user information. This is a
voluntary effort. I would appreciate greatly if errors/omissions could
be pointed out to me and they would be corrected in the next release. 
The information included in this document implies no view whatsoever
regarding questions of sovereignty or the status of any place listed.
Affiliation to Imperial College is given for identification purposes only.

Olivier M.J. Crepin-Leblond, Digital Comms. Section, Elec. Eng. Department
 Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London SW7 2BT, UK
       Internet/Bitnet: <foobar@ic.ac.uk> - Janet: <foobar@uk.ac.ic>